Rottweilers are a medium-large, robust and loyal breed of dog that originated in Germany in the early 19th century. By the time they came to the United States in the early 20th century, they had already developed a reputation as a loyal, sturdy and dependable working dog, and were often used to guard livestock or help pull carts for butchers. Throughout the years, Rottweilers have continued to be popular working dogs and family companions, and their popularity has only grown as more people learn about their many admirable attributes.
Today, there are several different types of Rottweilers that are recognized by kennel clubs and registries around the world. Generally, these different types (or breeds, as they are often referred to) can be divided into four main categories: Working Rottweilers, Show Rottweilers, Schutzhund Rottweilers, and Companion Rottweilers.
Working Rottweilers are bred to perform a certain task or job. Common jobs they are bred to do include search and rescue, protection, and draft (pulling carts or wagons). These dogs have strong bodies and minds, and are often very alert and have a high energy level.
Show Rottweilers are bred to meet the breed standard set by the American Kennel Club. These dogs are bred to have certain physical characteristics, such as a large head and muscular frame, that make them appear attractive to judges in shows.
Schutzhund Rottweilers are bred to do Schutzhund competitions. This type of dog competition tests the dog’s agility, tracking, obedience, and protection abilities. Dogs that do well in these competitions are usually very intelligent and obedient and are often used for police and military work.
The last type of Rottweiler is the Companion Rottweiler. This type of dog is bred to be a loyal and affectionate family companion. These dogs tend to be more laid-back and less eager to please than the other types of Rottweilers, which make them better suited for families with older children, as they are more patient and tolerant.
all of the different types of Rottweilers are still considered to be the same breed by kennel clubs and registries. The differences in each type lie only in their purpose and the traits they have been selectively bred for. So, while there are many types, there is only one true Rottweiler breed.